• Globally, governments have actively introduced regulatory standards and guidelines for the procurement, production and provision of safe and hygienic food.
  • In India, historically the onus for safe and wholesome food for human consumption was on multiple ministries and departments.
  • The Food Safety and Standards (FSS) Act, which contains science-based standards, was enacted in 2006. The act consolidates previous acts and orders – which include the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954; Fruit Products Order, 1955; and Meat Food Products Order, 1973 – under one umbrella.
  • A statutory body, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), was established to enforce the provisions of the FSS Act. It regulates the manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import of food and related products.
  • The responsibility of implementing the FSS Act is on the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.


Regulatory landscape : Food Safety and Standard Authority of India

  • Regulations:-  Enforces the provisions of the FSS Act

  • Advisories:- Issues advisories on matters related to food and food supplements

  • Alerts:- Issues notiications with alerts on general awareness, issues and concerns related to food safety

  • Mandates recalls:- Issues notices to food business operators (FBOs) to recall products that are contaminated, unsafe for human consumption, sub-standard or misbranded